Interplay between out-of-plane anisotropic L11-type CoPt and in-plane anisotropic NiFe layers in CoPt/NiFe exchange springs

P. Saravanan, Jen Hwa Hsu, C. L. Tsai, C. Y. Tsai, Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Kuo, Jong-Ching Wu, C. M. Lee

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Films of L11-type CoPt/NiFe exchange springs were grown with different NiFe (Permalloy) layer thickness (tNiFe = 0-10 nm). X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the characteristic peak position of NiFe(111) is not affected by the CoPt-layer - confirming the absence of any inter-diffusion between the CoPt and NiFe layers. Magnetic studies indicate that the magnetization orientation of NiFe layer can be tuned through varying t NiFe and the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of L11-type CoPt/NiFe films cannot sustain for tNiFe larger than 3.0 nm due to the existence of exchange interaction at the interface of L11-CoPt and NiFe layers. Magnetic force microscopy analysis on the as-grown samples shows the changes in morphology from maze-like domains with good contrast to hazy domains when tNiFe-≥ 3.0 nm. The three-dimensional micro-magnetic simulation results demonstrate that the magnetization orientation in NiFe layer is not uniform, which continuously increases from the interface to the top of NiFe layer. Furthermore, the tilt angle of the topmost NiFe layers can be changed over a very wide range from a small number to about 75°by varying tNiFe from 1 to 10 nm. It is worth noting that there is an abrupt change in the magnetization direction at the interface, for all the tNiFe investigated. The results of present study demonstrate that the tunable tilted exchange springs can be realized with L11-type CoPt/NiFe bilayers for future applications in three-axis magnetic sensors or advanced spintronic devices demanding inclined magnetic anisotropy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number243905
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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