The purpose of this paper is to improve the robustness of traditional image watermarking based on singular value decomposition (SVD) by using optimization-based quantization on multiple singular values in the wavelet domain. In this work, we divide the middle-frequency parts of discrete-time wavelet transform (DWT) into several square blocks and then use multiple singular value quantizations to embed a watermark bit. To minimize the difference between original and watermarked singular values, an optimized-quality formula is proposed. First, the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) is defined as a performance index in a matrix form. Then, an optimized-quality functional that relates the performance index to the quantization technique is obtained. Finally, the Lagrange Principle is utilized to obtain the optimized-quality formula and then the formula is applied to watermarking. Experimental results show that the watermarked image can keep a high PSNR and achieve better bit-error rate (BER) even when the number of coefficients for embedding a watermark bit increases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Signal Processing
- Information Systems
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering