High-temperature transport properties of Ca0.98 RE 0.02 MnO3-δ (RE=Sm, Gd, and Dy)

Chia-Jyi Liu, Ankam Bhaskar, J. J. Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report measurements of electrical resistivity and thermopower on CaMnO3-δ and Ca0.98 RE0.02 MnO 3-δ (RE=Sm, Gd, and Dy) prepared by solid state reaction. CaMnO3-δ exhibits nonmetal-like temperature dependence of resistivity while metal-like temperature dependence of thermopower. This inconsistency can be explained by the extrinsic carriers arising from oxygen defects using two-band model. Ca0.98 RE0.02 MnO3-δ exhibits metal-like temperature dependence in both resistivity and thermopower. The transition to metal-like behavior resembles the case in degenerate semiconductors and can be attributed to an impurity band formation with characteristic of hybridized Mn 3d eg and O 2p states due to electron doping via partial substitution of lanthanides for Ca2+ and oxygen defects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume98
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 23

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transport properties
temperature dependence
electrical resistivity
metals
defects
oxygen
substitutes
solid state
impurities
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "We report measurements of electrical resistivity and thermopower on CaMnO3-δ and Ca0.98 RE0.02 MnO 3-δ (RE=Sm, Gd, and Dy) prepared by solid state reaction. CaMnO3-δ exhibits nonmetal-like temperature dependence of resistivity while metal-like temperature dependence of thermopower. This inconsistency can be explained by the extrinsic carriers arising from oxygen defects using two-band model. Ca0.98 RE0.02 MnO3-δ exhibits metal-like temperature dependence in both resistivity and thermopower. The transition to metal-like behavior resembles the case in degenerate semiconductors and can be attributed to an impurity band formation with characteristic of hybridized Mn 3d eg and O 2p states due to electron doping via partial substitution of lanthanides for Ca2+ and oxygen defects.",
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High-temperature transport properties of Ca0.98 RE 0.02 MnO3-δ (RE=Sm, Gd, and Dy). / Liu, Chia-Jyi; Bhaskar, Ankam; Yuan, J. J.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 98, No. 21, 214101, 23.05.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Liu, Chia-Jyi

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