Ground state of graphite ribbons with zigzag edges

Yu Li Lee, Yu Wen Leet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the interaction effects on the ground state of nanographite ribbons with zigzag edges. Within the mean-field approximation, we find that there are two possible phases: the singlet superconducting (SS) phase and the excitonic insulator (EI) phase. The two phases are separated by a first-order transition point. After taking into account the low-lying fluctuations around the mean-field solutions, the SS phase becomes a spin liquid phase with one gapless charge mode. On the other hand, all excitations in the EI phase, especially the spin excitations, are gapped.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245402
Pages (from-to)2454021-2454026
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume66
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 15

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Ground state
ribbons
graphite
insulators
ground state
Liquids
transition points
excitation
liquid phases
approximation
interactions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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Ground state of graphite ribbons with zigzag edges. / Lee, Yu Li; Leet, Yu Wen.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 66, No. 24, 245402, 15.12.2002, p. 2454021-2454026.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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