Flux pinning force in Nb thin films with periodic vortex pinning arrays

Lance Horng, Jong-Ching Wu, T. C. Wu, S. F. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flux pinning force has been investigated in superconducting Nb thin films with square arrays of artificial flux pinning centers. These pinning centers due to the structural corrugation in the Nb thin film were created. In the mixed state, the magnetoresistance minima and critical current density maxima to be separated at constant field intervals corresponding to the matching fields were found. The temperature dependence of critical current density can be fitted to an expression (1-T/T C0) n near superconducting transition temperature. The n values at applied field equal matching fields (H=H 1,H 2,H 3...) are 5/2, in contrast to 3/2 at half integer matching fields. It indicates that the dynamics of interstitial vortices at higher matching fields is similar to those at the first matching field. It can be believed that the collective flux pinning force stabilized by the vortices on pinning centers indirectly prevents interstitial vortices from flowing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8510-8512
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume91
Issue number10 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 15

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flux pinning
vortices
thin films
critical current
interstitials
current density
integers
transition temperature
intervals
temperature dependence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Flux pinning force has been investigated in superconducting Nb thin films with square arrays of artificial flux pinning centers. These pinning centers due to the structural corrugation in the Nb thin film were created. In the mixed state, the magnetoresistance minima and critical current density maxima to be separated at constant field intervals corresponding to the matching fields were found. The temperature dependence of critical current density can be fitted to an expression (1-T/T C0) n near superconducting transition temperature. The n values at applied field equal matching fields (H=H 1,H 2,H 3...) are 5/2, in contrast to 3/2 at half integer matching fields. It indicates that the dynamics of interstitial vortices at higher matching fields is similar to those at the first matching field. It can be believed that the collective flux pinning force stabilized by the vortices on pinning centers indirectly prevents interstitial vortices from flowing.",
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Flux pinning force in Nb thin films with periodic vortex pinning arrays. / Horng, Lance; Wu, Jong-Ching; Wu, T. C.; Lee, S. F.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, No. 10 I, 15.05.2002, p. 8510-8512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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