We numerically calculate the spectral reflectivity of the silicon nitride (Si 3 N 4 ) sub-wavelength structure (SWS) using a two-dimensional finite element simulation. The geometry-dependent effective reflectance of the Si 3 N 4 SWS over the wavelength ranging from 400 nm to 1000 nm is examined and the structure of Si 3 N 4 SWS is further optimized for the lowest effective reflectance. A p-n junction solar cell efficiency based on the optimized Si 3 N 4 SWS is also calculated, resulting in an improvement of 0.98% in efficiency than that of single layer antireflection coatings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry