Microstructured magnetic tunnel junction rings have been fabricated by a top-down technique combining electron beam lithography and ion milling process. Four-terminal magnetoresistance measurements and magnetic force microscopy were used to successfully explore a four-transition process within the free layer throughout the magnetization reversal. Various magnetization configurations were identified to be the onion state, vortex-pair state, vortex state, vortex-core state, and reverse onion state. In addition, the various durations of each magnetic state observed in the magnetoresistance curve can be utilized for the study of a coupling effect between the pinned layer and the free layer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering