Purpose The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between perceived coworker loafing and counterproductive work behaviors toward the organization (CWB-O) and toward the coworkers (CWB-I). Design/Methodology/Approach Data were collected from 184 supervisor-employee pairs from multiple sources (i.e., self-rated and supervisor-rated). Structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses were conducted to test our hypotheses. Findings The results of SEM showed that perceived loafing was positively related to CWB-O (self-rated) and CWB-I (self-rated and supervisor-rated). Moreover, a revenge motive toward the organization fully mediated the relationship between perceived loafing and CWB-O, whereas a revenge motive toward coworkers fully mediated the relationship between perceived loafing and CWB-I. Implications This study advances our understanding as to how and why perceived coworker loafing increases employees' CWB-I and CWB-O. Our investigation also highlights the important cognitive mediator: revenge motive in the perceived loafing-CWB linkage. Originality/Value This is one of the first studies which examines the relationships between perceived coworker loafing and two facets of CWB, and investigates a cognitive mediator (i.e., a revenge motive) that underlines the perceived loafing-CWB linkage. In addition, we respond to Bennett and Robinson's (J Appl Psychol 85:349-360, 2003) call to test the nomological network of CWB in a collectivist culture (i.e., Taiwan).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Business and International Management
- Business, Management and Accounting(all)
- Applied Psychology