Experimental data correction of the dynamic elastic moduli, velocity and density of solid wood as a function of moisture content above the fiber saturation point

S. Y. Wang, Shih-Tzu Chuang

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimentally it was observed that the dynamic modulus of elasticity calculated from the velocity of stress wave or ultrasonic wave and the density of wood in green condition increased with increasing moisture content. This statement disagrees with the physical meaning of data observed with static tests, namely the decreasing of all mechanical properties of wood with increasing moisture content. To elucidate this discrepancy a simulation procedure was developed to study the effect of free water, present in wood above the fiber saturation point on wave velocity. For this purpose the coefficient k, related to the mobility of free water was defined, as a ratio of free water vibrating simultaneously with water present in cellular wall (k = 0.6 for stress wave velocity and k = 0.7 for ultrasonic velocity). The simulation procedure using corrected values of velocity and density showed that the elastic moduli are relatively constant above the FSP, as all the mechanical parameters determined with static tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages309-314
Number of pages6
Volume54
No.3
Specialist publicationHolzforschung
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 1

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Wood
Moisture
Elastic moduli
Water
Fibers
Ultrasonic velocity
Ultrasonic waves
Mechanical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials

Cite this

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abstract = "Experimentally it was observed that the dynamic modulus of elasticity calculated from the velocity of stress wave or ultrasonic wave and the density of wood in green condition increased with increasing moisture content. This statement disagrees with the physical meaning of data observed with static tests, namely the decreasing of all mechanical properties of wood with increasing moisture content. To elucidate this discrepancy a simulation procedure was developed to study the effect of free water, present in wood above the fiber saturation point on wave velocity. For this purpose the coefficient k, related to the mobility of free water was defined, as a ratio of free water vibrating simultaneously with water present in cellular wall (k = 0.6 for stress wave velocity and k = 0.7 for ultrasonic velocity). The simulation procedure using corrected values of velocity and density showed that the elastic moduli are relatively constant above the FSP, as all the mechanical parameters determined with static tests.",
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