Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature

Jana Burke, Jill Bezyak, Robert T. Fraser, Joseph Pete, Nicole Ditchman, Fong Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This selective review provides an overview of salient research findings related to employers' attitudes towards disability and prospective influences on employers to improve employment outcomes of people with disabilities. Research studies included for review are mainly those which investigated employer attitudes towards disability as predispositions to hiring people with disability. Selected studies were classified into three categories including hiring and accommodating employees with disabilities, work performance, and affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers. Excluded from the review were studies that investigated other factors influencing employer attitudes toward disability. Altogether 34 research studies from the period of 1987 until 2012 were included in the review. Primary databases for the review included ProQuest, Ebscohost, Lexus Nexus, ERICK Database and the Sage Sociology Collection. This review of the demand-side employment literature suggests employers hold relatively positive attitudes regarding individuals with disabilities. However, employer affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers towards disability in the work setting were less positive and negatively impact hiring decisions, provision of accommodations and work performance appraisals. Employer attitudes represent an important demand-side factor impacting full participation in competitive employment for individuals with disabilities. While employers report generally positive attitudes toward disability, hiring practices may still be discriminatory. Use by rehabilitation professionals of demand-side strategies with employers would likely result in higher rates of work participation by people with disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-38
Number of pages18
JournalAustralian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 28

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Disabled Persons
Research
Databases
Sociology
Rehabilitation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Burke, Jana ; Bezyak, Jill ; Fraser, Robert T. ; Pete, Joseph ; Ditchman, Nicole ; Chan, Fong. / Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities : A Review of the Literature. In: Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling. 2013 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 21-38.
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Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities : A Review of the Literature. / Burke, Jana; Bezyak, Jill; Fraser, Robert T.; Pete, Joseph; Ditchman, Nicole; Chan, Fong.

In: Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling, Vol. 19, No. 1, 28.05.2013, p. 21-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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