We propose to measure the differential conductance G as a function of the bias V for a quantum dot side-coupled to a topological superconductor to detect the existence of the chiral Majorana edge states. It turns out that G for the spinless dot is an oscillatory (but not periodic) function of eV due to the coupling to the chiral Majorana edge states, where -e is the charge carried by the electron. The behaviour of G versus eV is distinguished from that of a multi-level dot in three respects. First of all, due to the coupling to the topological superconductor, the value of G will shift upon adding or removing a vortex in the topological superconductor. Next, for an off-resonance dot, the conductance peak in the present case takes a universal value e2/(2h) when the two leads are symmetrically coupled to the dot. Finally, for a symmetric setup and an on-resonance dot, the conductance peak will approach the same universal value e2/(2h) at a large bias.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics