Effects of Fe doping on the thermal hysteresis of the La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 system

Ankam Bhaskar, M. S. Huang, Chia-Jyi Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A series of polycrystalline La0.5Ca0.5Mn1−xFexO3 (x = 0.010, 0.025, 0.050, 0.075, 0.100, 0.125, 0.150, 0.175 and 0.200) was synthesized using a solid state reaction. We investigated the electrical resistivity, thermopower, and magnetization as a function of temperature. La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 exhibits a large thermal hysteresis in its electrical resistivity, thermopower, and magnetization, which can be attributed to the charge density waves pinned by impurities. The thermal hysteresis decreases with increasing Fe content up to x = 0.050 and disappears at even higher x. La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 shows nonmetal-like behavior in terms of its electrical resistivity within the entire investigated temperature range of 80-300 K, while the x = 0.010 and 0.025 samples show metal-nonmetal transitions in their electrical resistivity at about 137-149 K. The metal-nonmetal transition can be attributed to the reduction of charge ordering at small Fe content values. However, there is no metal-nonmetal transition observed for x ≥ 0.050, which arises from the suppression of the double exchange mechanism at high Fe content values. The activation energy derived from electrical resistivity differs from that derived from thermopower, indicating that the conduction mechanism is polaronic transport in La0.5Ca0.5Mn1−xFexO3. The magnetic transition temperature is observed at ∼168 K and ∼135 K for x = 0.010 and 0.025, respectively. There is no magnetic transition observed for x = 0.100 and 0.200.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11543-11549
Number of pages7
JournalRSC Advances
Volume7
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Nonmetals
Hysteresis
Thermoelectric power
Doping (additives)
Metals
Magnetization
Charge density waves
Solid state reactions
Superconducting transition temperature
Activation energy
Impurities
Temperature
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Bhaskar, Ankam ; Huang, M. S. ; Liu, Chia-Jyi. / Effects of Fe doping on the thermal hysteresis of the La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 system. In: RSC Advances. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 19. pp. 11543-11549.
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Effects of Fe doping on the thermal hysteresis of the La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 system. / Bhaskar, Ankam; Huang, M. S.; Liu, Chia-Jyi.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 7, No. 19, 01.01.2017, p. 11543-11549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bhaskar, Ankam

AU - Huang, M. S.

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AB - A series of polycrystalline La0.5Ca0.5Mn1−xFexO3 (x = 0.010, 0.025, 0.050, 0.075, 0.100, 0.125, 0.150, 0.175 and 0.200) was synthesized using a solid state reaction. We investigated the electrical resistivity, thermopower, and magnetization as a function of temperature. La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 exhibits a large thermal hysteresis in its electrical resistivity, thermopower, and magnetization, which can be attributed to the charge density waves pinned by impurities. The thermal hysteresis decreases with increasing Fe content up to x = 0.050 and disappears at even higher x. La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 shows nonmetal-like behavior in terms of its electrical resistivity within the entire investigated temperature range of 80-300 K, while the x = 0.010 and 0.025 samples show metal-nonmetal transitions in their electrical resistivity at about 137-149 K. The metal-nonmetal transition can be attributed to the reduction of charge ordering at small Fe content values. However, there is no metal-nonmetal transition observed for x ≥ 0.050, which arises from the suppression of the double exchange mechanism at high Fe content values. The activation energy derived from electrical resistivity differs from that derived from thermopower, indicating that the conduction mechanism is polaronic transport in La0.5Ca0.5Mn1−xFexO3. The magnetic transition temperature is observed at ∼168 K and ∼135 K for x = 0.010 and 0.025, respectively. There is no magnetic transition observed for x = 0.100 and 0.200.

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