In this study, titanium dioxide films were deposited on indium tin oxide glass substrates by liquid-phase deposition (LPD) for application as the compact layer in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). A deposition solution of ammonium hexafluorotitanate and boric acid was used for TiO2 deposition. Compact layer passivation can improve DSSC performance by decreasing carrier losses from recombination at the ITO/electrolyte interface and improving the electrical contact between the ITO and the TiO2 photo-electrode. The optimum thickness of the compact layer was found to be 48 nm, which resulted in a 50 % increase in the conversion efficiency compared with cells without compact layers. The conversion efficiency can be increased from 3.55 to 5.26 %. Therefore, the LPD-TiO2 compact layer inhibits the dark current and increases the short-circuit current density effectively.
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Nov 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)