Effect of supported employment on vocational rehabilitation outcomes of transition-age youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities: A case control study

Paul Wehman, Fong Chan, Nicole Ditchman, Hyun Ju Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of supported employment intervention on the employment outcomes of transition-age youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities served by the public vocational rehabilitation system using a case-control study design. Data for this study were extracted from the Rehabilitation Services Administration Case Service Report (RSA-911) database for fiscal year 2009. The sample included 23,298 youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities aged between 16 and 25 years old at the time of application. The classification and regression tree (CART) method was used to estimate propensity scores and to adjust for selection bias on the basis of all prominent covariates relevant to the dependent variable (i.e., competitive employment). Results yielded six homogeneous subgroups, and receipt of supported employment was found to increase the employment rates across all of the groups. The effect of supported employment was especially strong for youth who were Social Security beneficiaries, special education students, and individuals with intellectual disabilities or autism who were high school graduates. These findings suggest that supported employment is an effective service for enhancing the vocational rehabilitation outcomes of young adults and provides valuable information for policy makers, health care providers, rehabilitation counselors, and educators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-310
Number of pages15
JournalIntellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Supported Employment
vocational rehabilitation
Vocational Rehabilitation
effect on employment
Developmental Disabilities
Intellectual Disability
Case-Control Studies
disability
Rehabilitation
rehabilitation
Special Education
Propensity Score
Selection Bias
Social Security
Autistic Disorder
Administrative Personnel
Health Personnel
school graduate
Young Adult
autism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Community and Home Care
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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Effect of supported employment on vocational rehabilitation outcomes of transition-age youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities : A case control study. / Wehman, Paul; Chan, Fong; Ditchman, Nicole; Kang, Hyun Ju.

In: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 52, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 296-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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