Dimensionality of the Turkish Version of the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale: Results from Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses

Cahit Kaya, Timothy Tansey, Fong Chan, Jill Bezyak, Macid Ayhan Melekoğlu, Orhan Çakıroğlu, Samet Köse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Self-stigma has a substantial negative impact on help-seeking behaviors across various cultures and countries. A reliable and valid self-stigma of help-seeking measurement is needed to reduce barriers related to pursuing services. This study investigated the factorial validity of the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) with a sample of Turkish college students. The factor analysis identified a two-factor measurement structure: (a) feeling of inadequacy, and (b) threat to self-confidence. The scales measured the extent that help-seeking can influence individuals’ self-confidence/self-esteem and generate negative feelings and emotions. Female Turkish students had lower self-stigma of help-seeking than male students. Familiarity with health professionals in the Turkish mental health system (i.e., counseling psychologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists) were significantly associated with lower levels of threats of self-confidence related to help-seeking. Participants who had lower self-stigma were more likely to share their problems with a mental health professional. Outreach services to increase students’ knowledge about mental health professionals and services to reduce stigma are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

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