Device-measured light-intensity physical activity and mortality: A meta-analysis

Po Wen Ku, Mark Hamer, Yung Liao, Ming Chun Hsueh, Li Jung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Introduction: The association of light-intensity physical activity (LPA) with mortality is poorly understood. This meta-analysis of cohort studies aimed to examine the dose-response relationships between daily device-measured LPA and mortality in adults aged 18 or older and to explore whether the associations were independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Methods: Searches for prospective cohort studies providing effect estimates of daily LPA (exposure) on all-cause mortality (outcome) were systematically undertaken in electronic databases up to April 30, 2019. Subgroup analyses and meta-regression analyses with random-effects models were performed to quantify the dose-response relationships between daily LPA and mortality. Sensitivity analyses were also conducted to assess the stability of the results. Results: A total of 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Analyses contained 49 239 individuals (mean age 60.7, SD = 13.6) who were followed up for a mean 6.2 years (2.3-14.2 years), during which 3669 (7.5%) died. In comparison with the reference group (<3 h/d), the pooled HRs (and 95% CIs) of mortality were 0.71 (0.62-0.82), 0.68 (0.59-0.79), 0.56 (0.44-0.71) for groups 3 to <5 h/d, 5 to <7 h/d, and more than 7 hours a day LPA, respectively. Meta-regression models indicated that there was a log-cubic dose-response relationship between daily LPA and mortality in adults and older people, independent of MVPA. Conclusions: Time spent in daily LPA was associated with reduced risks of mortality in adults and older people. These data support the inclusion of LPA in the future physical activity guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1

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Meta-Analysis
Light
Equipment and Supplies
Mortality
Cohort Studies
Regression Analysis
Databases
Prospective Studies
Guidelines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Ku, Po Wen ; Hamer, Mark ; Liao, Yung ; Hsueh, Ming Chun ; Chen, Li Jung. / Device-measured light-intensity physical activity and mortality : A meta-analysis. In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 2020 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 13-24.
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abstract = "Introduction: The association of light-intensity physical activity (LPA) with mortality is poorly understood. This meta-analysis of cohort studies aimed to examine the dose-response relationships between daily device-measured LPA and mortality in adults aged 18 or older and to explore whether the associations were independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Methods: Searches for prospective cohort studies providing effect estimates of daily LPA (exposure) on all-cause mortality (outcome) were systematically undertaken in electronic databases up to April 30, 2019. Subgroup analyses and meta-regression analyses with random-effects models were performed to quantify the dose-response relationships between daily LPA and mortality. Sensitivity analyses were also conducted to assess the stability of the results. Results: A total of 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Analyses contained 49 239 individuals (mean age 60.7, SD = 13.6) who were followed up for a mean 6.2 years (2.3-14.2 years), during which 3669 (7.5{\%}) died. In comparison with the reference group (<3 h/d), the pooled HRs (and 95{\%} CIs) of mortality were 0.71 (0.62-0.82), 0.68 (0.59-0.79), 0.56 (0.44-0.71) for groups 3 to <5 h/d, 5 to <7 h/d, and more than 7 hours a day LPA, respectively. Meta-regression models indicated that there was a log-cubic dose-response relationship between daily LPA and mortality in adults and older people, independent of MVPA. Conclusions: Time spent in daily LPA was associated with reduced risks of mortality in adults and older people. These data support the inclusion of LPA in the future physical activity guidelines.",
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Device-measured light-intensity physical activity and mortality : A meta-analysis. / Ku, Po Wen; Hamer, Mark; Liao, Yung; Hsueh, Ming Chun; Chen, Li Jung.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.01.2020, p. 13-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Device-measured light-intensity physical activity and mortality

T2 - A meta-analysis

AU - Ku, Po Wen

AU - Hamer, Mark

AU - Liao, Yung

AU - Hsueh, Ming Chun

AU - Chen, Li Jung

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - Introduction: The association of light-intensity physical activity (LPA) with mortality is poorly understood. This meta-analysis of cohort studies aimed to examine the dose-response relationships between daily device-measured LPA and mortality in adults aged 18 or older and to explore whether the associations were independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Methods: Searches for prospective cohort studies providing effect estimates of daily LPA (exposure) on all-cause mortality (outcome) were systematically undertaken in electronic databases up to April 30, 2019. Subgroup analyses and meta-regression analyses with random-effects models were performed to quantify the dose-response relationships between daily LPA and mortality. Sensitivity analyses were also conducted to assess the stability of the results. Results: A total of 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Analyses contained 49 239 individuals (mean age 60.7, SD = 13.6) who were followed up for a mean 6.2 years (2.3-14.2 years), during which 3669 (7.5%) died. In comparison with the reference group (<3 h/d), the pooled HRs (and 95% CIs) of mortality were 0.71 (0.62-0.82), 0.68 (0.59-0.79), 0.56 (0.44-0.71) for groups 3 to <5 h/d, 5 to <7 h/d, and more than 7 hours a day LPA, respectively. Meta-regression models indicated that there was a log-cubic dose-response relationship between daily LPA and mortality in adults and older people, independent of MVPA. Conclusions: Time spent in daily LPA was associated with reduced risks of mortality in adults and older people. These data support the inclusion of LPA in the future physical activity guidelines.

AB - Introduction: The association of light-intensity physical activity (LPA) with mortality is poorly understood. This meta-analysis of cohort studies aimed to examine the dose-response relationships between daily device-measured LPA and mortality in adults aged 18 or older and to explore whether the associations were independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Methods: Searches for prospective cohort studies providing effect estimates of daily LPA (exposure) on all-cause mortality (outcome) were systematically undertaken in electronic databases up to April 30, 2019. Subgroup analyses and meta-regression analyses with random-effects models were performed to quantify the dose-response relationships between daily LPA and mortality. Sensitivity analyses were also conducted to assess the stability of the results. Results: A total of 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Analyses contained 49 239 individuals (mean age 60.7, SD = 13.6) who were followed up for a mean 6.2 years (2.3-14.2 years), during which 3669 (7.5%) died. In comparison with the reference group (<3 h/d), the pooled HRs (and 95% CIs) of mortality were 0.71 (0.62-0.82), 0.68 (0.59-0.79), 0.56 (0.44-0.71) for groups 3 to <5 h/d, 5 to <7 h/d, and more than 7 hours a day LPA, respectively. Meta-regression models indicated that there was a log-cubic dose-response relationship between daily LPA and mortality in adults and older people, independent of MVPA. Conclusions: Time spent in daily LPA was associated with reduced risks of mortality in adults and older people. These data support the inclusion of LPA in the future physical activity guidelines.

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