Design and implementation of an internet-of-things roadside parking system based on raspberry PI 3 and bluetooth low energy mesh sensor network

Ing-Chau Chang, Peng Jun Hsu, Yuan Sheng Lin, Yu Sheng Wu, Pin Lin Chen, Xian Feng Lin, Chin En Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, we propose an Internet of Things (IoT) parking management solution for roadside parking spaces. This solution includes software and sensor hardware installed at each parking space. Because the smartphone is prevalent nowadays, we also design a smartphone application to enable users to easily access information regarding parking spaces near the user’s destination and devise the best path to it anytime, anywhere. We choose Apple iOS as the programming platform on the smartphone and Raspberry Pi 3 as the sensor hardware, which uses an infrared distance sensor to determine whether the parking space has been occupied by a vehicle or not. We also adopt Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) technology to connect sensors of all roadside parking lots and build a BLE mesh sensor network to collect parking statuses. A routing protocol for the BLE mesh sensor network to efficiently forward parking information to the parking management server is proposed in this paper. Finally, we present the software and sensor hardware used for implementing this parking management system, the simulator to execute the proposed BLE mesh routing algorithm, and snapshots of the parking app.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-376
Number of pages12
JournalSensors and Materials
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

parking
Roadsides
Parking
Bluetooth
Sensor networks
mesh
sensors
Smartphones
energy
Sensors
hardware
Hardware
Internet of things
computer programs
energy technology
management systems
Routing algorithms
programming
Routing protocols
Application programs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Chang, Ing-Chau ; Hsu, Peng Jun ; Lin, Yuan Sheng ; Wu, Yu Sheng ; Chen, Pin Lin ; Lin, Xian Feng ; Yen, Chin En. / Design and implementation of an internet-of-things roadside parking system based on raspberry PI 3 and bluetooth low energy mesh sensor network. In: Sensors and Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 365-376.
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Design and implementation of an internet-of-things roadside parking system based on raspberry PI 3 and bluetooth low energy mesh sensor network. / Chang, Ing-Chau; Hsu, Peng Jun; Lin, Yuan Sheng; Wu, Yu Sheng; Chen, Pin Lin; Lin, Xian Feng; Yen, Chin En.

In: Sensors and Materials, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 365-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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