Cyclodextrin-micellar electrokinetic chromatography of apolipoproteins on human very low-density lipoprotein

Ying Tzu Shieh, Chiz Tzung Chang, Jia Jia Toh, Yun Hsun Hsu, I. Ting Chang, Min Hui Hsia, Mine Yine Liu

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The apolipoproteins (APOs) of human very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) were investigated by an optimized cyclodextrin-micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CD-MEKC) method. The separation buffer consisted of 20 mM sodium phosphate, 40 mM bile salts (50% sodium cholate and 50% sodium deoxycholate), 25 mM carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin (CM-β-CD) (pH 7.0). For CD-MEKC separation, a sample injection time of 12 s, a separation voltage of 15 KV, and a capillary temperature of 15°C were chosen. The optimal CD-MEKC method showed good resolution and repeatability for VLDL APOs. Identification and quantitation of VLDL APOs CI, CIII, and E were based on comparison with human APO standards. Good linear relationships with correlation coefficient (R2) 0.99 were obtained for APOs CI, CIII, and E standards. For these three APOs, the linear ranges were within 0.01-0.54 mg/mL, and the concentration limits of detection (LODs) were lower than 0.02 mg/mL. Moreover, VLDL APOs from four uremic patients and four healthy subjects were compared. The uremic and healthy CD-MEKC profiles showed dramatic difference. The levels of APO CIII were significantly higher for two patients, and the level of APO E was significantly higher for one patient. This study might be helpful for following the disease development of uremia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1333-1343
Number of pages11
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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