Cryptanalysis on an improved version of ElGamal-Like Public-Key Encryption Scheme for encrypting large messages

Ting Yi Chang, Min Shiang Hwang, Wei Pang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Hwang et al. proposed an ElGamal-like scheme for encrypting large messages, which is more efficient than its predecessor in terms of computational complexity and the amount of data transformation. They declared that the resulting scheme is semantically secure against chosen-plaintext attacks under the assumptions that the decision Diffie-Hellman problem is intractable. Later, Wang et al. pointed out that the security level of Hwang et al.'s ElGamal-like scheme is not equivalent to the original ElGamal scheme and brings about the disadvantage of possible unsuccessful decryption. At the same time, they proposed an improvement on Hwang et al.'s ElGamal-like scheme to repair the weakness and reduce the probability of unsuccessful decryption. However, in this paper, we show that their improved scheme is still insecure against chosen-plaintext attacks whether the system is operated in the quadratic residue modulus or not. Furthermore, we propose a new ElGamal-like scheme to withstand the adaptive chosen-ciphertext attacks. The security of the proposed scheme is based solely on the decision Diffie-Hellman problem in the random oracle model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-562
Number of pages26
JournalInformatica (Netherlands)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Applied Mathematics

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