Correlates of body dissatisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents

Li Jung Chen, Kenneth R. Fox, Anne M. Haase, Po-Wen Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to explore factors associated with body dissatisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. Methods: Participants were randomly selected from five high schools in Taipei County, Taiwan. A total sample of 883 adolescents aged 12-16 was included. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using self-reported weight and height. The Contour Drawing Rating Scale was used to assess body dissatisfaction. Other measurements included the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Evaluation (MBSRQ-AE), the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Eating Disorder Inventory-Perfectionism, the Socio-cultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-Internalization and SATAQ-Awareness), and physical activity. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed separately by gender to examine predictors of body dissatisfaction. Results: girls reported significantly higher body dissatisfaction, awareness of the socio-cultural ideals (SA-TAQ-Awareness), as well as the internalization of those ideals (SATAQ-Internalization) and lower satisfaction with their physical appearance (MBSRQ-AE). This indicated that girls felt less positive with their overall appearance and had a higher level of recognition and endorsement of the social standards of appearance than boys. Satisfaction with physical appearance (MBSRQ-AE), BMI and internalization of socio-cultural ideals (SATAQ-Internalization) were unique predictors of body dissatisfaction for both genders. Conclusions: this study enhanced the understanding about body dissatisfaction in Eastern populations. Perceived physical appearance, BMI and internalization of the socio-cultural ideals predicted body dissatisfaction, which are evident in Taiwan, as well as in Western based research. However, these factors only explained a small variance in body dissatisfaction for boys, suggesting a need in identifying more factors related to body dissatisfaction among boys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May 1

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Ego
Body Mass Index
Taiwan
Self Concept
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Exercise
Weights and Measures
Equipment and Supplies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Research
Population
Body Physical Appearance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Chen, Li Jung ; Fox, Kenneth R. ; Haase, Anne M. ; Ku, Po-Wen. / Correlates of body dissatisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 172-179.
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Correlates of body dissatisfaction among Taiwanese adolescents. / Chen, Li Jung; Fox, Kenneth R.; Haase, Anne M.; Ku, Po-Wen.

In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.05.2010, p. 172-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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