Contemporary perceptions of evidence-based practices in rehabilitation counseling

Susan Sherman, Trenton J. Landon, Roy Del Valle, Michael J. Leahy, Fong Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The perceived effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation services often differs from substantiated evidence-based practice (EBP). Using a general inductive approach to qualitative analysis, the perceived effectiveness of evidence-based and promising practices in vocational rehabilitation service delivery that may facilitate employment outcomes for individuals with disabilities were explored. Some of the identified practices are highly promising in terms of staff and management perspectives, but they generally lack empirical support at the level needed to refer to them definitively as evidence-based practices. Results indicated differences in opinion among the rehabilitation counseling subject matter experts (SMEs) regarding the description of EBP. SMEs perception also differed on the actual existence of EBP practices in VR service delivery. The lack of uniformity regarding what constitutes EBP and which services are evidence-based creates difficulties for service providers. Challenges for the field wide implementation of identified EBP include the atheoretical nature of rehabilitation counseling practice, levels of evidence, and reliance on functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-12
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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