The dimerization reactions of 12 cyclic diaminocarbenes have been studied using density functional theory (DFT). The activation energies (Ea) and reaction energies (ΔE) for the dimerizations of imidazol-2-ylidenes are larger than those of imidazolin-2-ylidenes. It was observed that Ea of dimerization is approximately proportional to the singlet-triplet energy separation (ΔES-T), aromatic stabilization energy (ASE), and ΔE of the carbene. Excellent linear correlation is seen between Ea and ASE. Contrary to previous suggestions, we found that 4,5-dichloro substitutions decrease the stability of imidazol(in)-2-ylidenes. Steric effects on Ea occur noticeably as isopropyl (i-Pr) substitutions are introduced to the carbenes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry