Comparing the effects of echoic prompts and echoic plus picture prompts on establishing intraverbal behavior for children with autism

Sheng Xu, Ruihua Niu, Gabrielle T. Lee, Lina Gilic, Hua Feng, Weiting Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of two prompt strategies (echoic versus echoic + picture) on establishing the intraverbal behavior (i.e., question answering) for three 4-year-old children with ASD in China. All three children had mand, tact, and echoic behavior in their repertoire, but had a limited intraverbal repertoire. An adapted alternating treatments design combined with a multiple probe across two behaviors (two question sets) was used. Results indicated that both strategies were effective to teach and maintain question answering for all three children. However, the echoic prompt strategy required fewer trials to criterion than the echoic plus picture strategy, suggesting the efficiency of echoic prompts to establish intraverbal repertoire for these children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalEducation and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this