Chemistry of the PCNHCP ligand: Silver and ruthenium complexes, facial/meridional coordination, and catalytic transfer hydrogenation

Pei Ling Chiu, Hon Man Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The silver complex of PCNHCP was identified as [Ag 3(μ-Cl)(PCNHCP)2]Cl2 (1). Anion exchange of 1 with AgNO3 affords a white compound, which crystallizes into two forms, [Ag3(μ-Cl)-(PCNHCP)] 2(NO3)2 (2a) and [Ag3(Cl)(NO 3)(0.5DMF)(PCNHCP)2]NO3 (2b), from different solvent combinations. Their structural determination reveals interesting structural features, including a short Ag...Ag interaction in both of them. Unlike the common preparation of ruthenium(II) NHC complexes in the literature, a novel silver carbene transfer reaction between 1 and RuCl 2(PPh)3 produces fac-[Ru2(μ-Cl) 3(PCNHCP)2]Cl (3) in good yield. The nonredox nature of the carbene transfer reaction is different from that of an earlier report and shows that the preparation of divalent ruthenium NHC complexes via silver carbene transfer is a feasible synthetic route. Significantly, complex 3 can also be prepared directly from PCNHCP·HC1 and RuCl 2(PPh3)3 in the absence of base. Reactions of 3 with CO, phenylacetylene, and pyridine afford mer complexes mer,cis-RuCl 2(CO)(PCNHCP) (4), mer,trans-RuCl2(=C=CHPh) (PCNHCP) (6), and mer,trans-[RuCl(py)2(PC NHCP)]Cl (7), respectively. The fac complex, fac,cis-[RuCl(bipy) (PCNHCP)]Cl (8), was produced in reaction of either 3 or 7 with 2,2′-bipyridine. Treatment of 4 with excess NaBH4 produced the hydride complex mer-RuHCl(CO)(PCNHCP) (5). Complex 7 is slowly oxidized to mer-[RuIIICl3(PCNHCP)] (9) in the air. The structures of 2a, 2b, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 have been confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The reactivity study shows that PCNHCP is capable of accommodating extra steric requirement by readily switching from facial to meridional coordination mode, and the preliminary catalytic study indicates that 3 is effective in transfer hydrogenation of ketones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1692-1702
Number of pages11
JournalOrganometallics
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 28

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Ruthenium
Carbon Monoxide
Silver
ruthenium
Hydrogenation
hydrogenation
carbenes
silver
chemistry
Ligands
ligands
X ray crystallography
Ketones
Hydrides
preparation
Anions
ketones
crystallography
hydrides
pyridines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{d0f23b601a044b82a5b489187fbe7b29,
title = "Chemistry of the PCNHCP ligand: Silver and ruthenium complexes, facial/meridional coordination, and catalytic transfer hydrogenation",
abstract = "The silver complex of PCNHCP was identified as [Ag 3(μ-Cl)(PCNHCP)2]Cl2 (1). Anion exchange of 1 with AgNO3 affords a white compound, which crystallizes into two forms, [Ag3(μ-Cl)-(PCNHCP)] 2(NO3)2 (2a) and [Ag3(Cl)(NO 3)(0.5DMF)(PCNHCP)2]NO3 (2b), from different solvent combinations. Their structural determination reveals interesting structural features, including a short Ag...Ag interaction in both of them. Unlike the common preparation of ruthenium(II) NHC complexes in the literature, a novel silver carbene transfer reaction between 1 and RuCl 2(PPh)3 produces fac-[Ru2(μ-Cl) 3(PCNHCP)2]Cl (3) in good yield. The nonredox nature of the carbene transfer reaction is different from that of an earlier report and shows that the preparation of divalent ruthenium NHC complexes via silver carbene transfer is a feasible synthetic route. Significantly, complex 3 can also be prepared directly from PCNHCP·HC1 and RuCl 2(PPh3)3 in the absence of base. Reactions of 3 with CO, phenylacetylene, and pyridine afford mer complexes mer,cis-RuCl 2(CO)(PCNHCP) (4), mer,trans-RuCl2(=C=CHPh) (PCNHCP) (6), and mer,trans-[RuCl(py)2(PC NHCP)]Cl (7), respectively. The fac complex, fac,cis-[RuCl(bipy) (PCNHCP)]Cl (8), was produced in reaction of either 3 or 7 with 2,2′-bipyridine. Treatment of 4 with excess NaBH4 produced the hydride complex mer-RuHCl(CO)(PCNHCP) (5). Complex 7 is slowly oxidized to mer-[RuIIICl3(PCNHCP)] (9) in the air. The structures of 2a, 2b, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 have been confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The reactivity study shows that PCNHCP is capable of accommodating extra steric requirement by readily switching from facial to meridional coordination mode, and the preliminary catalytic study indicates that 3 is effective in transfer hydrogenation of ketones.",
author = "Chiu, {Pei Ling} and Lee, {Hon Man}",
year = "2005",
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Chemistry of the PCNHCP ligand : Silver and ruthenium complexes, facial/meridional coordination, and catalytic transfer hydrogenation. / Chiu, Pei Ling; Lee, Hon Man.

In: Organometallics, Vol. 24, No. 7, 28.03.2005, p. 1692-1702.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemistry of the PCNHCP ligand

T2 - Silver and ruthenium complexes, facial/meridional coordination, and catalytic transfer hydrogenation

AU - Chiu, Pei Ling

AU - Lee, Hon Man

PY - 2005/3/28

Y1 - 2005/3/28

N2 - The silver complex of PCNHCP was identified as [Ag 3(μ-Cl)(PCNHCP)2]Cl2 (1). Anion exchange of 1 with AgNO3 affords a white compound, which crystallizes into two forms, [Ag3(μ-Cl)-(PCNHCP)] 2(NO3)2 (2a) and [Ag3(Cl)(NO 3)(0.5DMF)(PCNHCP)2]NO3 (2b), from different solvent combinations. Their structural determination reveals interesting structural features, including a short Ag...Ag interaction in both of them. Unlike the common preparation of ruthenium(II) NHC complexes in the literature, a novel silver carbene transfer reaction between 1 and RuCl 2(PPh)3 produces fac-[Ru2(μ-Cl) 3(PCNHCP)2]Cl (3) in good yield. The nonredox nature of the carbene transfer reaction is different from that of an earlier report and shows that the preparation of divalent ruthenium NHC complexes via silver carbene transfer is a feasible synthetic route. Significantly, complex 3 can also be prepared directly from PCNHCP·HC1 and RuCl 2(PPh3)3 in the absence of base. Reactions of 3 with CO, phenylacetylene, and pyridine afford mer complexes mer,cis-RuCl 2(CO)(PCNHCP) (4), mer,trans-RuCl2(=C=CHPh) (PCNHCP) (6), and mer,trans-[RuCl(py)2(PC NHCP)]Cl (7), respectively. The fac complex, fac,cis-[RuCl(bipy) (PCNHCP)]Cl (8), was produced in reaction of either 3 or 7 with 2,2′-bipyridine. Treatment of 4 with excess NaBH4 produced the hydride complex mer-RuHCl(CO)(PCNHCP) (5). Complex 7 is slowly oxidized to mer-[RuIIICl3(PCNHCP)] (9) in the air. The structures of 2a, 2b, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 have been confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The reactivity study shows that PCNHCP is capable of accommodating extra steric requirement by readily switching from facial to meridional coordination mode, and the preliminary catalytic study indicates that 3 is effective in transfer hydrogenation of ketones.

AB - The silver complex of PCNHCP was identified as [Ag 3(μ-Cl)(PCNHCP)2]Cl2 (1). Anion exchange of 1 with AgNO3 affords a white compound, which crystallizes into two forms, [Ag3(μ-Cl)-(PCNHCP)] 2(NO3)2 (2a) and [Ag3(Cl)(NO 3)(0.5DMF)(PCNHCP)2]NO3 (2b), from different solvent combinations. Their structural determination reveals interesting structural features, including a short Ag...Ag interaction in both of them. Unlike the common preparation of ruthenium(II) NHC complexes in the literature, a novel silver carbene transfer reaction between 1 and RuCl 2(PPh)3 produces fac-[Ru2(μ-Cl) 3(PCNHCP)2]Cl (3) in good yield. The nonredox nature of the carbene transfer reaction is different from that of an earlier report and shows that the preparation of divalent ruthenium NHC complexes via silver carbene transfer is a feasible synthetic route. Significantly, complex 3 can also be prepared directly from PCNHCP·HC1 and RuCl 2(PPh3)3 in the absence of base. Reactions of 3 with CO, phenylacetylene, and pyridine afford mer complexes mer,cis-RuCl 2(CO)(PCNHCP) (4), mer,trans-RuCl2(=C=CHPh) (PCNHCP) (6), and mer,trans-[RuCl(py)2(PC NHCP)]Cl (7), respectively. The fac complex, fac,cis-[RuCl(bipy) (PCNHCP)]Cl (8), was produced in reaction of either 3 or 7 with 2,2′-bipyridine. Treatment of 4 with excess NaBH4 produced the hydride complex mer-RuHCl(CO)(PCNHCP) (5). Complex 7 is slowly oxidized to mer-[RuIIICl3(PCNHCP)] (9) in the air. The structures of 2a, 2b, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 have been confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The reactivity study shows that PCNHCP is capable of accommodating extra steric requirement by readily switching from facial to meridional coordination mode, and the preliminary catalytic study indicates that 3 is effective in transfer hydrogenation of ketones.

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