Bis-alkoxycarbonylation of styrene by pyridinimine palladium catalysts

Claudio Bianchini, Hon Man Lee, Giuseppe Mantovani, Andrea Meli, Werner Oberhauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyridinimine-modified Pd(II) complexes of general formulae (N-N′)Pd(Y)2 catalyze the methoxycarbonylation of styrene to give dimethyl phenylsuccinate as the largely major product [N-N′ = py-2-C(R) = N(2,6-R′C6H3), R = H, Me; R′ = Me, i-Pr; 6-Mepy-2-C(H)=N[2,6-(i-Pr)2C6H3]; py-2-C(H)=N(C6H5); Y = acetate, trifluoroacetate]. The influence of various catalytic parameters on the overall conversion of styrene to carbonylated products and on the product selectivity has been studied by systematically varying the type of palladium initiator, the concentrations of organic oxidant (1,4-benzoquinone) and protic acid (p-toluenesulfonic acid), and the CO pressure. By an appropriate choice of the structure of the pyridinimine ligand and of the reaction parameters, turn-over numbers as high as 96 and selectivities in dimethyl phenylsuccinate as high as 98% were obtained. In particular, the overall conversion of styrene is controlled by the steric properties of the alkyl substituents on the imine aryl group, while the nature of the substituent (H or Me) on the imine carbon influences the selectivity. The addition of 2 equivalents of TsOH to the catalytic mixtures generally increased the styrene conversion but lowered the selectivity in dimethyl phenylsuccinate due to greater production of methyl 3,6-diphenyl-4-oxohexanoate. Further additions of TsOH (up to 6 equivalents) resulted in better selectivities and lower conversions for all precursors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-397
Number of pages11
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 16

Fingerprint

Styrene
Palladium
Catalysts
Imines
Trifluoroacetic Acid
Acids
Carbon Monoxide
Oxidants
Acetates
Carbon
Ligands
2-phenylsuccinate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Bianchini, Claudio ; Lee, Hon Man ; Mantovani, Giuseppe ; Meli, Andrea ; Oberhauser, Werner. / Bis-alkoxycarbonylation of styrene by pyridinimine palladium catalysts. In: New Journal of Chemistry. 2002 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 387-397.
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abstract = "Pyridinimine-modified Pd(II) complexes of general formulae (N-N′)Pd(Y)2 catalyze the methoxycarbonylation of styrene to give dimethyl phenylsuccinate as the largely major product [N-N′ = py-2-C(R) = N(2,6-R′C6H3), R = H, Me; R′ = Me, i-Pr; 6-Mepy-2-C(H)=N[2,6-(i-Pr)2C6H3]; py-2-C(H)=N(C6H5); Y = acetate, trifluoroacetate]. The influence of various catalytic parameters on the overall conversion of styrene to carbonylated products and on the product selectivity has been studied by systematically varying the type of palladium initiator, the concentrations of organic oxidant (1,4-benzoquinone) and protic acid (p-toluenesulfonic acid), and the CO pressure. By an appropriate choice of the structure of the pyridinimine ligand and of the reaction parameters, turn-over numbers as high as 96 and selectivities in dimethyl phenylsuccinate as high as 98{\%} were obtained. In particular, the overall conversion of styrene is controlled by the steric properties of the alkyl substituents on the imine aryl group, while the nature of the substituent (H or Me) on the imine carbon influences the selectivity. The addition of 2 equivalents of TsOH to the catalytic mixtures generally increased the styrene conversion but lowered the selectivity in dimethyl phenylsuccinate due to greater production of methyl 3,6-diphenyl-4-oxohexanoate. Further additions of TsOH (up to 6 equivalents) resulted in better selectivities and lower conversions for all precursors.",
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Bianchini, C, Lee, HM, Mantovani, G, Meli, A & Oberhauser, W 2002, 'Bis-alkoxycarbonylation of styrene by pyridinimine palladium catalysts', New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 387-397. https://doi.org/10.1039/b108804c

Bis-alkoxycarbonylation of styrene by pyridinimine palladium catalysts. / Bianchini, Claudio; Lee, Hon Man; Mantovani, Giuseppe; Meli, Andrea; Oberhauser, Werner.

In: New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 26, No. 4, 16.04.2002, p. 387-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bianchini, Claudio

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N2 - Pyridinimine-modified Pd(II) complexes of general formulae (N-N′)Pd(Y)2 catalyze the methoxycarbonylation of styrene to give dimethyl phenylsuccinate as the largely major product [N-N′ = py-2-C(R) = N(2,6-R′C6H3), R = H, Me; R′ = Me, i-Pr; 6-Mepy-2-C(H)=N[2,6-(i-Pr)2C6H3]; py-2-C(H)=N(C6H5); Y = acetate, trifluoroacetate]. The influence of various catalytic parameters on the overall conversion of styrene to carbonylated products and on the product selectivity has been studied by systematically varying the type of palladium initiator, the concentrations of organic oxidant (1,4-benzoquinone) and protic acid (p-toluenesulfonic acid), and the CO pressure. By an appropriate choice of the structure of the pyridinimine ligand and of the reaction parameters, turn-over numbers as high as 96 and selectivities in dimethyl phenylsuccinate as high as 98% were obtained. In particular, the overall conversion of styrene is controlled by the steric properties of the alkyl substituents on the imine aryl group, while the nature of the substituent (H or Me) on the imine carbon influences the selectivity. The addition of 2 equivalents of TsOH to the catalytic mixtures generally increased the styrene conversion but lowered the selectivity in dimethyl phenylsuccinate due to greater production of methyl 3,6-diphenyl-4-oxohexanoate. Further additions of TsOH (up to 6 equivalents) resulted in better selectivities and lower conversions for all precursors.

AB - Pyridinimine-modified Pd(II) complexes of general formulae (N-N′)Pd(Y)2 catalyze the methoxycarbonylation of styrene to give dimethyl phenylsuccinate as the largely major product [N-N′ = py-2-C(R) = N(2,6-R′C6H3), R = H, Me; R′ = Me, i-Pr; 6-Mepy-2-C(H)=N[2,6-(i-Pr)2C6H3]; py-2-C(H)=N(C6H5); Y = acetate, trifluoroacetate]. The influence of various catalytic parameters on the overall conversion of styrene to carbonylated products and on the product selectivity has been studied by systematically varying the type of palladium initiator, the concentrations of organic oxidant (1,4-benzoquinone) and protic acid (p-toluenesulfonic acid), and the CO pressure. By an appropriate choice of the structure of the pyridinimine ligand and of the reaction parameters, turn-over numbers as high as 96 and selectivities in dimethyl phenylsuccinate as high as 98% were obtained. In particular, the overall conversion of styrene is controlled by the steric properties of the alkyl substituents on the imine aryl group, while the nature of the substituent (H or Me) on the imine carbon influences the selectivity. The addition of 2 equivalents of TsOH to the catalytic mixtures generally increased the styrene conversion but lowered the selectivity in dimethyl phenylsuccinate due to greater production of methyl 3,6-diphenyl-4-oxohexanoate. Further additions of TsOH (up to 6 equivalents) resulted in better selectivities and lower conversions for all precursors.

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