Antioxidant Activity of Extracts from Du-zhong (Eucommia ulmoides) toward Various Lipid Peroxidation Models in Vitro

Gow Chin Yen, Chiu Luan Hsieh

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The antioxidant effect of extracts from leaves, raw cortex, and roasted cortex of Du-zhong was evaluated using various lipid peroxidation models. The inhibitory activity of extracts of Du-zhong (200 μg/mL) on the peroxidation of linoleic acid measured by thiocyanate method followed the order leaves (99.9%) > roasted cortex (95.9%) > raw cortex (77.2%) at 60 h of incubation. The IC20 for leaves, roasted cortex, and raw cortex on the peroxidation of liposome, induced by Fe3+/H2O2/ascorbic acid, was <0.06, 0.24, and 0.81 mg/mL, respectively. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances values for leaves, roasted cortex, and raw cortex were 0.12, 1.54, and 1.81 μmol of malondialdehyde/ mg of protein in enzyme-mediated microsomal peroxidation and 0.08, 0.69, and 0.88 μmol of malondialdehyde/mg of protein in the nonenzyme-mediated microsomal peroxidation, respectively. The antioxidant activity of extracts of Du-zhong correlates to their polyphenol content. The results presented herein indicate that extracts of Du-zhong leaves may be useful in inhibiting membrane lipid peroxidation and preventing free radical-linked disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3952-3957
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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