Analysis of the machining stability of a milling machine considering the effect of machine frame structure and spindle bearings: Experimental and finite element approaches

Jui Pin Hung, Yuan Lung Lai, Tzuo Liang Luo, Hsin Chuan Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chatter vibration has been a troublesome problem for a machine tool toward the high precision and high-speed machining. Essentially, the machining performance is determined by the dynamic characteristics of the machine tool structure and dynamics of cutting process of spindle tool. Prediction of the dynamic behavior at spindle tool tip is therefore of importance for assessing the machining stability of a machine tool at design stage. This study was aimed to evaluate the machining stability of a vertical milling system under the interactive influence of the spindle unit and the machine frame structure. To this end, a realistic finite element model of a vertical milling tool was generated by incorporating the spindle-bearing model into the head stock mounted on machine frame. The influences of the dynamics of spindle-bearing system and the machine frame structure were investigated respectively. Current results show that the machine tool spindle system demonstrates different dynamic behaviors at different frequency ranges, which are also characterized as structural modes and spindle modes, respectively. In particular, the maximum compliance of spindle tool tip was found to occur at the bending vibrations of spindle shaft and vary with the preload amount of spindle bearing. The machining stabilities were predicted to different extent, depending on the exciting modes which could be related to the influences of machine frame and spindle unit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2393-2405
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Volume68
Issue number9-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 11

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Bearings (structural)
Milling machines
Machining
Machine tools
Milling (machining)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Chatter vibration has been a troublesome problem for a machine tool toward the high precision and high-speed machining. Essentially, the machining performance is determined by the dynamic characteristics of the machine tool structure and dynamics of cutting process of spindle tool. Prediction of the dynamic behavior at spindle tool tip is therefore of importance for assessing the machining stability of a machine tool at design stage. This study was aimed to evaluate the machining stability of a vertical milling system under the interactive influence of the spindle unit and the machine frame structure. To this end, a realistic finite element model of a vertical milling tool was generated by incorporating the spindle-bearing model into the head stock mounted on machine frame. The influences of the dynamics of spindle-bearing system and the machine frame structure were investigated respectively. Current results show that the machine tool spindle system demonstrates different dynamic behaviors at different frequency ranges, which are also characterized as structural modes and spindle modes, respectively. In particular, the maximum compliance of spindle tool tip was found to occur at the bending vibrations of spindle shaft and vary with the preload amount of spindle bearing. The machining stabilities were predicted to different extent, depending on the exciting modes which could be related to the influences of machine frame and spindle unit.",
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AB - Chatter vibration has been a troublesome problem for a machine tool toward the high precision and high-speed machining. Essentially, the machining performance is determined by the dynamic characteristics of the machine tool structure and dynamics of cutting process of spindle tool. Prediction of the dynamic behavior at spindle tool tip is therefore of importance for assessing the machining stability of a machine tool at design stage. This study was aimed to evaluate the machining stability of a vertical milling system under the interactive influence of the spindle unit and the machine frame structure. To this end, a realistic finite element model of a vertical milling tool was generated by incorporating the spindle-bearing model into the head stock mounted on machine frame. The influences of the dynamics of spindle-bearing system and the machine frame structure were investigated respectively. Current results show that the machine tool spindle system demonstrates different dynamic behaviors at different frequency ranges, which are also characterized as structural modes and spindle modes, respectively. In particular, the maximum compliance of spindle tool tip was found to occur at the bending vibrations of spindle shaft and vary with the preload amount of spindle bearing. The machining stabilities were predicted to different extent, depending on the exciting modes which could be related to the influences of machine frame and spindle unit.

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