Action research using a chinese career model based on the wisdom of classic of changes and its applications

Shu Hui Liu, Chih Hung Wang, Chi Ping Deng, Foo Bee Keh, Yi Jen Lu, Ya Chi Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


To challenge the Taiwan Ministry of Education's (TMOE) dominant enforcement of a person-environment fit model, the Chinese Career Research Center incorporated yin-yang alternation principles from the Classic of Changes (I Ching, Yi Jing or) to develop the model of career development touching the sky yet grounded (TSG) and corresponding practice guidelines, a career website (CCN), and four career service projects. Using Lewin's (1946) cyclical-spiral process of action research, CCN and TSG service projects were promoted to complement the TMOE's fit model, and feedback was utilised to revise our TSG model and its applications. Yin-yang alternation principles and the four stages of chien (the creative) from the Classic of Changes were applied to develop social action strategies. Social change was indicated by counsellors' and students' changes in their career views, as well as the TMOE's direct financial support for TSG service projects. This progress is encouraging for whoever is interested in developing culture-inclusive indigenous psychology with practical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-94
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pacific Rim Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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