A retrospective cohort study on the risk of stroke in relation to a priori health knowledge level among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan

Yun Ju Lai, Hsiao Yun Hu, Ya Ling Lee, Po-Wen Ku, Yung Feng Yen, Dachen Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. However, research on the level of a priori health knowledge to the prevention of diabetic complications in community settings has been scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of health knowledge and stroke incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Methods: A nationally representative sample of general Taiwanese population was selected using a multistage systematic sampling process from Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in 2005. Subjects were interviewed by a standardized face-to-face questionnaire in the survey, obtaining information of demographics, socioeconomic status, family medical history, obesity, health behaviors, and 15-item health knowledge assessment. The NHIS dataset was linked to Taiwan National Health Insurance claims data to retrieve the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in NHIS participants at baseline and identify follow-up incidence of stroke from 2005 to 2013. Univariate and multivariate Cox regressions were used to estimate the effect of baseline health knowledge level to the risk of stroke incidence among this group of people with type 2 diabetes. Results: A total of 597 diabetic patients with a mean age of 51.28 years old and nearly half of males were analyzed. During the 9-year follow-up period, 65 new stroke cases were identified among them. Kaplan-Meier curves comparing the three groups of low/moderate/high knowledge levels revealed a statistical significance (p-value of log-rank test <0.01). After controlling for potential confounders, comparing to the group of low health knowledge level, the relative risk of stroke was significantly lower for those with moderate (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.33-1.19; p-value = 0.15) and high level of health knowledge (AHR = 0.43; 95% CI, 0.22-0.86; p-value = 0.02), with a significant linear trend (p-value = 0.02). Conclusions: An exposure-response gradient of moderate to high health knowledge levels to the prevention of stroke incidence among people with type 2 diabetes in community was found with 9 years of follow-up in Taiwan. Development and delivery of health education on stroke prevention to people with type 2 diabetes are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 22

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Taiwan
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Health Status
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Stroke
Health Surveys
Incidence
Interviews
Health
Medical History Taking
Health Behavior
National Health Programs
Diabetes Complications
Health Education
Social Class
Outpatients
Obesity
Demography
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{34c84a27ff034e46912c2de4fef19bf7,
title = "A retrospective cohort study on the risk of stroke in relation to a priori health knowledge level among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan",
abstract = "Background: Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. However, research on the level of a priori health knowledge to the prevention of diabetic complications in community settings has been scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of health knowledge and stroke incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Methods: A nationally representative sample of general Taiwanese population was selected using a multistage systematic sampling process from Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in 2005. Subjects were interviewed by a standardized face-to-face questionnaire in the survey, obtaining information of demographics, socioeconomic status, family medical history, obesity, health behaviors, and 15-item health knowledge assessment. The NHIS dataset was linked to Taiwan National Health Insurance claims data to retrieve the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in NHIS participants at baseline and identify follow-up incidence of stroke from 2005 to 2013. Univariate and multivariate Cox regressions were used to estimate the effect of baseline health knowledge level to the risk of stroke incidence among this group of people with type 2 diabetes. Results: A total of 597 diabetic patients with a mean age of 51.28 years old and nearly half of males were analyzed. During the 9-year follow-up period, 65 new stroke cases were identified among them. Kaplan-Meier curves comparing the three groups of low/moderate/high knowledge levels revealed a statistical significance (p-value of log-rank test <0.01). After controlling for potential confounders, comparing to the group of low health knowledge level, the relative risk of stroke was significantly lower for those with moderate (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 0.63; 95{\%} CI, 0.33-1.19; p-value = 0.15) and high level of health knowledge (AHR = 0.43; 95{\%} CI, 0.22-0.86; p-value = 0.02), with a significant linear trend (p-value = 0.02). Conclusions: An exposure-response gradient of moderate to high health knowledge levels to the prevention of stroke incidence among people with type 2 diabetes in community was found with 9 years of follow-up in Taiwan. Development and delivery of health education on stroke prevention to people with type 2 diabetes are warranted.",
author = "Lai, {Yun Ju} and Hu, {Hsiao Yun} and Lee, {Ya Ling} and Po-Wen Ku and Yen, {Yung Feng} and Dachen Chu",
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A retrospective cohort study on the risk of stroke in relation to a priori health knowledge level among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan. / Lai, Yun Ju; Hu, Hsiao Yun; Lee, Ya Ling; Ku, Po-Wen; Yen, Yung Feng; Chu, Dachen.

In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, Vol. 17, No. 1, 130, 22.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A retrospective cohort study on the risk of stroke in relation to a priori health knowledge level among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan

AU - Lai, Yun Ju

AU - Hu, Hsiao Yun

AU - Lee, Ya Ling

AU - Ku, Po-Wen

AU - Yen, Yung Feng

AU - Chu, Dachen

PY - 2017/5/22

Y1 - 2017/5/22

N2 - Background: Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. However, research on the level of a priori health knowledge to the prevention of diabetic complications in community settings has been scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of health knowledge and stroke incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Methods: A nationally representative sample of general Taiwanese population was selected using a multistage systematic sampling process from Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in 2005. Subjects were interviewed by a standardized face-to-face questionnaire in the survey, obtaining information of demographics, socioeconomic status, family medical history, obesity, health behaviors, and 15-item health knowledge assessment. The NHIS dataset was linked to Taiwan National Health Insurance claims data to retrieve the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in NHIS participants at baseline and identify follow-up incidence of stroke from 2005 to 2013. Univariate and multivariate Cox regressions were used to estimate the effect of baseline health knowledge level to the risk of stroke incidence among this group of people with type 2 diabetes. Results: A total of 597 diabetic patients with a mean age of 51.28 years old and nearly half of males were analyzed. During the 9-year follow-up period, 65 new stroke cases were identified among them. Kaplan-Meier curves comparing the three groups of low/moderate/high knowledge levels revealed a statistical significance (p-value of log-rank test <0.01). After controlling for potential confounders, comparing to the group of low health knowledge level, the relative risk of stroke was significantly lower for those with moderate (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.33-1.19; p-value = 0.15) and high level of health knowledge (AHR = 0.43; 95% CI, 0.22-0.86; p-value = 0.02), with a significant linear trend (p-value = 0.02). Conclusions: An exposure-response gradient of moderate to high health knowledge levels to the prevention of stroke incidence among people with type 2 diabetes in community was found with 9 years of follow-up in Taiwan. Development and delivery of health education on stroke prevention to people with type 2 diabetes are warranted.

AB - Background: Intervention of diabetes care education with regular laboratory check-up in outpatient visits showed long-term benefits to reduce the risk of macrovascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes. However, research on the level of a priori health knowledge to the prevention of diabetic complications in community settings has been scarce. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of health knowledge and stroke incidence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Methods: A nationally representative sample of general Taiwanese population was selected using a multistage systematic sampling process from Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in 2005. Subjects were interviewed by a standardized face-to-face questionnaire in the survey, obtaining information of demographics, socioeconomic status, family medical history, obesity, health behaviors, and 15-item health knowledge assessment. The NHIS dataset was linked to Taiwan National Health Insurance claims data to retrieve the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in NHIS participants at baseline and identify follow-up incidence of stroke from 2005 to 2013. Univariate and multivariate Cox regressions were used to estimate the effect of baseline health knowledge level to the risk of stroke incidence among this group of people with type 2 diabetes. Results: A total of 597 diabetic patients with a mean age of 51.28 years old and nearly half of males were analyzed. During the 9-year follow-up period, 65 new stroke cases were identified among them. Kaplan-Meier curves comparing the three groups of low/moderate/high knowledge levels revealed a statistical significance (p-value of log-rank test <0.01). After controlling for potential confounders, comparing to the group of low health knowledge level, the relative risk of stroke was significantly lower for those with moderate (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.33-1.19; p-value = 0.15) and high level of health knowledge (AHR = 0.43; 95% CI, 0.22-0.86; p-value = 0.02), with a significant linear trend (p-value = 0.02). Conclusions: An exposure-response gradient of moderate to high health knowledge levels to the prevention of stroke incidence among people with type 2 diabetes in community was found with 9 years of follow-up in Taiwan. Development and delivery of health education on stroke prevention to people with type 2 diabetes are warranted.

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