Background. In the present study we evaluated and compared the effects of ovulation and hormonal dynamics induced by anastrozole and clomiphene citrate in women with infertility. Materials and methods. Thirty-three infertile patients, aged 25-41 years, were enrolled. Patients received either anastrozole 1 mg daily (AI group) or clomiphene citrate 100 mg daily (CC group) from cycle day 3 to day 7. Number of mature follicles (≥18 mm), endometrial thickness, pregnancy rate and serial hormone profiles (follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), testosterone and progesterone) were measured on cycle day 3, day 8, day 10, the day of intrauterine insemination (IUI), day 7 after IUI and day 14 after IUI. Results. Baseline parameters were similar in the two groups, including age, body mass index, infertility duration and day-3 serum hormones except FSH. The mean FSH value on day 3 was significantly different (4.3 mIU/ml in the AI group vs. 6.3 mIU/ml in the CC group; p < 0.05). The women receiving anastrozole had fewer ovulatory follicles (1.2 in the AI group vs. 1.8 in the CC group; p < 0.05) and a thicker endometrium (10.6 mm in the AI group vs. 7.8 mm in the CC group; p < 0.05). The levels of progesterone and testosterone were similar during ovulation stimulation cycles in both groups. On the other hand, the AI group had a significantly higher LH level but a significantly lower E2 level in the stimulation cycle. Conclusion. Anastrozole has a high pregnancy rate, although it induces fewer ovulatory follicles compared with clomiphene citrate. The two drugs gave different responses of FSH, LH and E2 during stimulation cycles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology