A pattern diversity antenna with six input ports

Jeen Sheen Row, Li Kai Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A wideband antenna with conical radiation is first studied in this article. The antenna has the advantages of low profile and simple structure, and it can provide a stable radiation pattern within an impedance bandwidth of about 108%. Then, five radiating elements, including four dipole antennas and one ring slot antenna, are excited from the wideband antenna structure, forming a six-port antenna. The integrated antenna at 3.5 GHz band can offer a broadside pattern with 9.3 dBi gain, a conical pattern with 4.3 dBi gain, and four symmetrical endfire patterns with 6.4 dBi gain. The design process of the integrated antenna is explained in details, and a prototype is fabricated. The experimental results indicate that the operation bandwidth of the pattern diversity antenna is about 14%, and the isolation between input ports is lower than −16 dB within the bandwidth. Simulated results also validate the experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1252-1258
Number of pages7
JournalMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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